Why did Hitler declare war on the United States in December 1941? The Red Army was counter-attacking on the Eastern Front, the treaty with the Japanese did not require him to declare war and previously he avoided hostilities with the United States repeatedly and instructed particularly the Kriegsmarine to “stand down”. So why did Hitler declare war now? This video features Dr. Klaus Schmider from the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst who researched this topics over the last few years.

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»» SOURCES ««

Schmider, Klaus: Hitler’s Fatal Miscalculation: Why Germany declared War on the United States. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2021.

Boog, Horst u. a.: Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg 6: Der Globale Krieg. Bd. 6. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt: Stuttgart, Germany, 1990 (Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg 6).

Mawdsley, Evan: The War for the Seas: A Maritime History of World War II. Yale University Press: New Haven, Connecticut, USA, 2019.

Garzke, William H./Dulin Jr, Robert O./Jurens, William: Battleship Bismarck: A Design and Operational History. Seaforth Publishing: Barnsley, UK, 2019.

Hitler, Adolf: Hitler, Mein Kampf: Eine kritische Edition. hg. von Hartmann, Christian u. a. Institut für Zeitgeschichte: München, 2016.

Jacobsen, H.A.: 1939-1945. Der Zweite Weltkrieg in Chronik und Dokumenten. Dritte durchgesehene und ergänzte Auflage, Wehr und Wissen Verlagsgesellschaft: Darmstadt, Germany, 1960.

Glantz, David M./House, Jonathan M.: When Titans clashed: How the Red Army stopped Hitler. Revised and expanded edition, University Press of Kansas: Lawrence, Kansas, USA, 2015 (Modern war studies).

Drea, Edward J.: Japan’s Imperial Army. Its Rise and Fall, 1853-1945. Kansas University Press, USA: 2009.

Stahel, David: Retreat from Moscow: A new History of Germany’s Winter Campaign, 1941-1942. First edition, Farrar, Straus and Giroux: New York, USA, 2019.

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Johnson, Danny M.: The Persian Gulf Command and the Lend-Lease Mission to the Soviet Union during World War II
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00:00 Intro
00:45 Three main Areas
01:04 Hitler about Amerika
04:42 Situation Ostfront
08:19 Japan
13:05 US Policy Changes & Incident 1941
19:30 Gutting of Neutrality Act, November 1941
24:06 Pulling the Strings together
25:40 Window of Opportunity

#Hitler,#ww2 ,#WhyHitlerCeclaredWar

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